Although Nova Scotia is Canada’s second smallest province, it offers multiple sport fishing options because of its 130 rivers, 6,700 lakes and a coastline that spans 7.400 kilometers. The province is an angler’s dream destination because it provides salt water and fresh water fishing adventures all year round. During spring, the fish species commonly caught in Nova Scotia are the brown trout, striped bass, rainbow, and speckled trout. As summer heats the waters, one can start seeing the yellow perch, smallmouth bass, mackerel, white perch, and chain pickerel while the cold months will bring in the King Sportfish, more trout, and the Atlantic Salmon.
There are many guides to fishing in Nova Scotia but you must try at least one inland river and a coastal fishing trip. The target initially should be the provincial fish which is the Speckled Trout but only because it could be a harbinger of greater and larger catches to come. The Speckled Trout is a fresh water fish and found in almost every freshwater fishing spot. They can grow to up to 6 pounds although they will give you a good fight before surrendering. Most experts would recommend that you use live bait, the fly rod, or the spinning tackle to catch these beauties.
There is one weekend in June that Nova Scotia hosts as a free, no-license required, sportfishing experience. It is a wonderful time to meet locals and exchange fish stories. There are bag limits so it would be a good idea to get clued in on the basic rules of the free weekend
Nova Scotia invites senior anglers and those who are physical challenged to try the province’s 25 barrier-free locations. A few of them are located in River Ryan Bridge, Acacia Brook, Oakfield Provincial Park, and New Germany Lake.
The Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar) – A very popular spring-to-fall freshwater species, the Atlantic Salmon can only be caught with fly-fishing as is the case with all salmon fishing in Nova Scotia. Some of the best locations to fish for salmon are the Salmon River, Mira, West, and Margaree rivers.
Rainbow Trout – This fish can only be found in selected lakes and rivers in the province, and reproduced in Bras d’Or Lake watershed
Giant Striped Bass – If you’s ready to catch a 50 pounder, the Giant Striped Bass in Grand Lake or estuaries should be your target catch. The minimum legal size is 28 inches so you will need heavy spinning tackle if you want to land one of these large fishes.
Other freshwater species are White Suckers, American Eels, Shad, Gaspereau, and White Bass.
Bluefin Tuna – This is a prize catch for saltwater species and records show catch as large as 1,500 pounds. They are predator fish and can be caught in open deep sea fishing. The average size is from 200 to 500 pounds.
Atlantic Mackerel – Since this species travel in groups, sometimes by the hundreds, the chances of catching one is pretty high. They find shiny lures and bright colored fly very attractive.
Other saltwater species are the Atlantic Cod, Haddock, Atlantic Halibut, Flounder, Boston Blue Fish, and of course, the sharks.
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